Arrow function

ES6 introduces the concept of arrow functions, which is a new way to define and write functions. Although it looks like the syntactic sugar of a regular function, the key difference between them is how this is bound. I won’t go into a lot of detail about this in this article

Event listener callback

When writing JavaScript to a browser, we often create event listeners. Such as:

const toggleElements = document.querySelectorAll('.toggle');
toggleElements.forEach(el => {
  el.addEventListener('click', function() {

In the example above, using the nodelist. Prototype. The foreach () to traverse the specified selectors and eventtarget. The addeventlistener () that match the node, and regular exchange the callback function as the click event, This callback is called to switch between the active and inactive states of the clicked element. When using a regular function, this in the callback is bound to the element that fired the event.

Use the arrow function as a callback

The arrow function does not have its own binding to this. So what happens if you convert the previous code snippet to an arrow function? Its this refers to the global window object.

const toggleElements = document.querySelectorAll('.toggle'); toggleElements.forEach(el => { el.addEventListener('click', () => { this.classList.toggle('active'); // "this" points to "window" // Error: Cannot read property 'toggle' of undefined}); });

Because the window object does not have a classlist attribute, the code throws an error whenever it clicks on a matching element, triggering an event listener and executing a callback. But more often than not, code can fail quietly, such as checking for a condition that always returns false for window but should return true for a given element, which can cause a lot of trouble and waste your time.

To solve this problem, simply call the first argument to the callback function and either Event.Target or Event.currentTarget, depending on your needs:

const toggleElements = document.querySelectorAll('.toggle'); toggleElements.forEach(el => { el.addEventListener('click', (e) => { e.currentTarget.classList.toggle('active'); // working well}); });

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