Unified maintenance and management tool for APIS. Provides life-cycle interface management and maintenance support. Simplifies defining, maintaining, sharing, and running apis. There are three versions of PostMan: visitor mode, account login, and paid membership.

Note: The following operations are performed based on all account login modes

This section describes Postman components


Workspace for managing Collections, APIS, Environments, Monitors, and History for a space.


Collection management, API requests for classification management and maintenance.


API interface planning: plan interfaces first, and then generate Collection requests.

  • Create API
  • Define API Interface Documentation (YML)
  • The Collection interface is reversely generated


Provide environment variable configuration, you can configure different environment information to test the interface. Such as: DEV, TEST, PROD, etc

Mock Server

PostMan provides a Mock Server to run through the interface

  • Select and create the interface that you want to simulate
  • Simulate server parameter configuration


You are advised to use JMeter to monitor the performance of API interfaces

  • Select interfaces, configure scheduled tasks, and set notifications


This interface is used to query historical information

  • View and operate historical request information

Postman common scenarios

Specification for use:

  • Collection Creates Collection objects and manages APIS in a unified manner. If there are many apis, create folders under the Collection for grouping
  • Under the specified collection, the request object is created in the specified file
  • In the case of multiple environment tests, create environment variables and extract related variable parameters from the request request
  • Set environment variables in request and use parameters

Import API(Import external interface)

File/import or import directly from Collections:

  • Support for importing swagger interfaces online
  • Offline import of files (collections.json)

API + Environment use


  1. First configure the Environment variable.

Reference: Environments environment variable use

  1. Select the environment and use the environment variables in the request request in the Collection


1. The parameter names in the request path are defined in the environment variable

2. Obtain and use environment variable parameters{{variableName}}VariableName is an environment variable

3. The value used by the environment variable is current value in the environment

Export API interface