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Webpack | using the React framework

Posted on June 23, 2022, 11:53 a.m. by Lauren Mendoza
Category: The front end Tag: webpack

React syntax

The React project uses the JSX and Class syntax. For example:

class Button extends Component {
  render() {
    return h1Hello,Webpack/h1}}Copy the code

The JSX syntax does not run in any existing JavaScript engine, so the source code needs to be converted into runnable code during the build process, for example:

// Original JSX syntax code
return h1Hello,Webpack/h1

// Is converted to normal JavaScript code
return React.createElement('h1'.null.'Hello,Webpack')
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The React with Babel

Run the following command:

Install the React base dependency
npm i -D react react-dom
Install Babel to complete syntax conversion
npm i -D babel-preset-react
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After installing the new dependencies, modify the.babelrc configuration file to add the React Presets

"presets": [
    "react"].Copy the code

Then modify the main.js file as follows:

import * as React from 'react';
import { Component } from 'react';
import { render } from 'react-dom';

class Button extends Component {
  render() {
    return h1Hello,Webpack/h1
  }
}

render(Button/.window.document.getElementById('app'));
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Re-execute the build and open the page. You'll find Hello,Webpack rendered by React

React with the TypeScript

TypeScript's advantage over Babel is that it supports JSX syntax nave, so you don't have to reinstall new dependencies, just change one line of configuration. But TypeScript is different in that:

  • The file suffix that uses JSX syntax must betsx.
  • Because React is not written in TypeScript, it needs to be installedreactreact-domThe corresponding TypeScript interface describes the module@types/react@types/react-domBefore it can be compiled.

Modify the TypeScript compiler configuration file tsconfig.json to add support for JSX syntax as follows:

{
  "compilerOptions": {
    "jsx": "react" // Enable JSX and React}}Copy the code

JSX syntax exists in the main.js file, rename the main.js file to main. TSX, and change the contents of the file to the React code used in the React and Babel files above. In order for Webpack to convert ts and TSX files using awesome-typescript-loader, it should be noted that the test option configured by Webpack Loader should match TSX files. You should also add.tsx to extensions as follows:

const path = require('path');

module.exports = {
  // TS executes the entry file
  entry: './main'.output: {
    filename: 'bundle.js'.path: path.resolve(__dirname, './dist'),},resolve: {
    // Try the ts, TSX TypeScript source files first
    extensions: ['.ts'.'.tsx'.'.js',]},module: {
    rules: [{// Also matches the ts, TSX, TypeScript source files
        test: /\.tsx? $/,
        loader: 'awesome-typescript-loader'}},devtool: 'source-map'.// Output Source Map to debug TypeScript code in the browser
};
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npm i react react-dom @types/react @types/react-dom
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Install the new dependency, restart the build, reopen the page and you'll find Hello,Webpack rendered by React

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